English Dutch French German Italian Portuguese Russian Spanish

Injuries and Fatalities

Auker, M. R., Sparks, R. S. J., Siebert, L., Crosweller, H. S., & Ewert, J. (2013) ‘A statistical analysis of the global historical volcanic fatalities record’, Journal of Applied Volcanology, 2(1), 1-24.

Baxter, P.J., & Gresham, A. (1997) ‘Deaths and injuries in the eruption of Galeras Volcano, Colombia, 14 January 1993’, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 77(1-4), 325-338.

Baxter, P.J., Jenkins, S.F., Seswandhana, R., Komorowski, J.-C., Dunn, K., Purser, D., Voight, B., Shelley, I. (2017) 'Human survival in volcanic eruptions: Thermal injuries in pyroclastic surges, their causes, prognosis and emergency management'. Burns, 19.

Dent, A. W., Davies, G., Barrett, P. & Desaintours, P. J. A. (1995) ‘The 1994 eruption of the Rabaul volcano, Papua New Guinea: Injuries sustained and medical response’, Medical Journal of Australia, 163, 635-639.

Eisele, J.W., O’Halloran, R.L., Reay, D.T., Lindholm, G.R., Lewman, L.V., & Brady, W.J. (1981) ‘Deaths during the May 18, 1980, eruption of Mount St. Helens’, The New England Journal of Medicine, 305:931– 936

Heggie, T. W., & Heggie, T. M. (2012) ‘The epidemiology of extreme hiking injuries in volcanic environments’, Epidemiology of Injury in Adventure and Extreme Sports, 58, 130-141.

Mastrolorenzo, G., Petrone, P.P., Pagano, M., Incoronato, A., Baxter, P.J., Canzanella, A., & Fattore, L. (2001) ‘Herculaneum victims of Vesuvius in AD 79’, Nature, 410, 769-770.

Shiroko, T. (2016) 'An experience of trauma cases: patoients hit by rocks during the Mt Ontake volcanic eruption in Japan'. Journal of Japanese Association for Acute Medicine, 27(12), 770-775.

Simkin, T., Siebert, L., & Blong, R. (2001) ‘Volcano fatalities – lessons from the historical record’, Science, 291(5502), 255.