Professor Steve Sparks
NERC Research Professor
Department of Earth Sciences
Professor Sparks leads the VOGRIPA project to create a database of volcanic hazard and risk under the as part of the Global Risk Identification Project under the auspices of the UN and World Bank. Steve Sparks's specialist areas of research are in volcanology and in the applications of fluid dynamics to geological problems. He is foremost a geologist with broad scientific interests. His research involves observation, experiment and theory. Steve Sparks has nearly 30 years of experience of working on active and young volcanoes around the world and has been concentrating in the last several years on the eruption of the Soufriere Hills Volcano on Montserrat where concerns relating to health hazards of fine-grained volcanic ash have been prominent. With regard to the health hazards at volcanoes, he has worked extensively on the basic physical processes that govern the characteristics of volcanic ash and gas and that control their dispersal in the atmosphere. Steve Sparks was P.I. on the Leverhulme Trust Research Interchange Grant which supported the foundation of IVHHN.
Hincks, T.K., Aspinall, W.P., Baxter, P.J., Searl, A., Sparks, R.S.J., and Woo, G. (2006) ‘Long-term exposure to respirable volcanic ash on Montserrat: a time series simulation’, Bulletin of Volcanology, 68, 266-284.
Horwell, C.J., Fenoglio, I., Ragnarsdottir, K.V., Sparks, R.S.J., and Fubini, B. (2003) ‘Surface reactivity of volcanic ash from the eruption of Soufrière Hills volcano, Montserrat, with implications for health hazards’, Environ. Res., 93, 202-215.
Horwell, C.J., Sparks, R.S.J., Brewer, T.S., Llewellin, E.W., and Williamson, B.J. (2003) ‘The characterisation of respirable volcanic ash from the Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, with implications for health hazard’, Bull. Volcanol., 65, 346-362.
Sparks, R.S.J., Barclay, J., Calder, E.S., Herd, R.A., Luckett, R. Norton, G.E, Ritchie, L.J., Voight, B. and Woods A.W. (2002) ‘Generation of a debris avalanche and violent pyroclastic density current: the 26 December 1997 (Boxing Day) at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat’, In: Druitt, T.H. and Kokelaar, B.P. (eds) The eruption of the Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat 1995 to 1999. Geological Society, London. Memoir 21, 409-434.
Bonadonna, C., Mayberry, G.C., Calder, E.S., Sparks, R.S.J., Choux, C., Jackson, P., Lejeune, A.M., Loughlin, S.C., Norton, G.E., Rose, W.I., Ryan, G. and Young, S.R. (2002) ‘Tephra fallout in the eruption of Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat’, In: Druitt, T.H. and Kokelaar, B.P. (eds) The eruption of the Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat 1995 to 1999. Geological Society, London. Memoir 21.
Horwell, C.J., Braña, L.P., Sparks, R.S.J., Murphy, M.D., and Hards, V.L. (2001) ‘A geochemical investigation of fragmentation and physical fractionation in pyroclastic flows from the Soufriere Hills volcano, Montserrat’, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 109, 247-262.
Sparks, R.S.J. & Young, S.R. (2001) ‘The eruption of Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat: overview of scientific results’, In: Druitt, T.H. & Kokelaar, B.P. (eds) The eruption of Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat, from 1995 to 1999. Geological Society, London, Memoir 21, 45-69.
Sparks, R.S.J., Murphy, M.D., Lejeune, A.M., Watts, R.B., Barclay, J. and Young, S.R. (2000) ‘Control on the emplacement of the andesite lava dome of the Soufrière Hills Volcano by degassing-induced crystallization’, Terra Nova, 12, 14-20.
Baxter, P.J., Bonadonna, C., Dupree, R., Hards, V.L., Kohn, S.C., Murphy, M.D., Nichols, A., Nicholson, R.A., Norton, G., Searl, A., Sparks, R.S.J. and Vickers, B.P. (1999) ‘Cristobalite in volcanic ash of the Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat: Hazards implications’, Science, 283, 1142-1145.
Day M.J., Pearson G.R., Lucke V.M., Lane S.J. and Sparks R.S.J. (1996) ‘The pathology of mineral deposition in the lymph node and lung of the dog’, Veterinary Pathology, 33, 29-42.
Download our pamphlets on preparing for ashfall and on the health hazards of ash. They are designed for mass distribution at the onset of new eruptions. They are now avaiable in English, Japanese, French Spanish, Portuguese, Swahili, Indonesian and Icelandic with Italian versions being available shortly. Please see our Pamphlets page for further infomation.
FACE MASK USE
IVHHN has an article under the Guidelines tab which used to be called 'Recommended Face Masks'. This has now been updated to 'Information on face masks' and is an interim page whilst the Health Interventions in Volcanic Eruptions project investigates which types of respiratory protection are effective in protecting the general population from volcanic ash inhalation. Please note that the translations in Spanish, Japanese and Portuguese have not yet been updated.