Dr Bernadette Mae Longo


Associate Professor
Board Certified Advanced Public Health Nurse


Division of Health Sciences

Orvis School of Nursing
University of Nevada Reno
Reno, NV 89557 - USA


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Research Expertise


Dr. Bernadette Longo is a registered nurse and research epidemiologist. Her current work is defining the incidence and risk of specific cardiorespiratory diseases associated with exposure to volcanic air pollution and delineating the public health burden. As a clinician with over 30 year’s of experience, she collaborates with front-line health care workers and public health to identify adverse effects and improve the quality of care to patients and populations. She is the American Nursing Association’s Clean Air Ambassador for the states of Hawaii and Nevada.

Dr. Longo has been working at Kīlauea volcano for over a decade. In 2003, she conducted the first regional air quality study of vog and survey of health effects in the population. This work identified adverse biological responses that ranged from increased upper respiratory reactions to more serious cardiovascular effects and risk factors. Subsequently, she has been instrumental in developing health prevention efforts and health policy for Hawaii’s population. She has served as an expert on volcanic air pollution for the state of California.


Relevant Publications


Longo, BM. (2013) Adverse health effects associated with increased activity at Kīlauea Volcano: A repeated population-based survey. ISRN Public Health. Open Access ID 475962

Longo, BM & Longo, AA. (2013) Volcanic ash in the air we breathe. Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine, 8:52. Open Access
Longo, BM. (2012) Acute Respiratory Illnesses at Kilauea Volcano (Hawai'i, USA). Cities on Volcanoes 7th - Colima, Mexico
Longo, BM, Yang, W, Green, JB, Crosby, FL & Crosby, VL. (2010) Acute Health Effects Associated with Exposure to Volcanic Air Pollution (vog) from Increased Activity at Kilauea Volcano in 2008. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A, 73: 20, 1370 - 1381.
Longo, BM, Yang, W. Green, JB, Longo, AA, Harris, M. & Biblone, R. (2010). Indoor air quality for vulnerable populations at Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii. Family and Community Health, 22(1), 21-31.
Longo, BM. (2009). The Kilauea Volcano Adult Health Study. Nursing Research, 58(1), 23-31.
Longo BM, & Yang W. (2008). Acute bronchitis and volcanic air pollution: A community-based cohort study at Kilauea Volcano, Hawai'i, USA. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A, 71:24, 1565-1571.
Longo BM, Rossignol A, & Green JB. (2008). Cardiorespiratory health effects associated with sulfurous volcanic air pollution. Public Health, 122(8), 809-820.
Longo, BM, Grunder, A, Chuan, R & Rossignol, A. (2005). SO2 and fine aerosol dispersion from the Kilauea plume, Kau district, Hawaii, USA. Geology; 33(3): 217-220.


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Latest News


Download our pamphlets on preparing for ashfall and on the health hazards of ash. They are designed for mass distribution at the onset of new eruptions. They are now avaiable in English, Japanese, French Spanish, Portuguese, Swahili, Indonesian and Icelandic with Italian versions being available shortly. Please see our Pamphlets page for further infomation.





IVHHN has an article under the Guidelines tab which used to be called 'Recommended Face Masks'. This has now been updated to 'Information on face masks' and is an interim page whilst the Health Interventions in Volcanic Eruptions project investigates which types of respiratory protection are effective in protecting the general population from volcanic ash inhalation. Please note that the translations in Spanish, Japanese and Portuguese have not yet been updated.



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