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Cronin, S. J., Manoharan, V., Hedley, M. J. & Longanathan, P. L. (2000) ‘Fluoride: A review of its fate, bioavailability, and risks of fluorosis in grazed-pasture systems in New Zealand’, New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 43, 295-321.

D'Alessandro, W. (2006) ‘Human fluorosis related to volcanic activity: a review’, Environmental Toxicology, 10, 21-30

Ozsvath, D. L. (2009) ‘Fluoride and environmental health: a review’, Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology, 8(1), 59-79.



Ayenew, T. (2008) ‘The distribution and hydrogeological controls of fluoride in the groundwater of central Ethiopian rift and adjacent highlands’, Environmental Geology, 54, 1313-1324.

Olsson, B. (1979) ‘Dental findings in highfluoride areas in Ethiopia’, Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 7(1), 51-56.

Rango, T., Bianchini, G., Beccaluva, L., Ayenew, T. & Colombani, N. (2009) ‘Hydrogeochemical study in the Main Ethiopian Rift: new insights to the source and enrichment mechanism of fluoride’, Environmental Geology, 58, 109-118.

Non-peer reviewed

Johansen, E. S. (2014) ‘The effects of fluoride on human health in Eastern Rift Valley, northern Tanzania’, Master’s Thesis, University of Oslo, Norway.



Flueck, W. T. (2013) ‘Effects of fluoride intoxication on teeth of livestock due to a recent volcanic eruption in Patagonia, Argentina’, Online Journal of Vetinary Research, 17(4), 167-176.

Flueck, W. T. (2014) ‘Continuing impacts on red deer from a volcanic eruption in 2011’, European Journal of Wildlife Research, 1-4.

Flueck, W. T., & Smith-Flueck, J. A. M. (2013) ‘Severe dental fluorosis in juvenile deer linked to a recent volcanic eruption in Patagonia’, Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 49(2), 355-366.

Flueck, W. T., & Smith-Flueck, J. A. M. (2013) ‘Temporal kinetics of fluoride accumulation: from fetal to adult deer’, European Journal of Wildlife Research, 59(6), 899-903.


Rubin, C. H., Noji, E. K., Seligman, P. J., Holtz, J. L., Grande, J., & Vittani, F. (1994) ‘Evaluating a fluorosis hazard after a volcanic eruption’, Archives of Environmental Health: An International Journal, 49(5), 395-401.


Armienta, M. A., Cruz-Reyna, S., Cruz, O., Ceniceros, N., Aguayo, A., & Marin, M. (2011) ‘Fluoride in ash leachates: environmental implications at Popocatépetl volcano, central Mexico’, Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, 11(7), 1949-1956.



Heikens, A., Sumarti, S., Van Bergen, M., Widianarko, B., Fokkert, L., Van Leeuwen, K. & Seinen, W. (2005) ‘The impact of the hyperacid Ijen Crater Lake: risks of excess fluoride to human health’, Science of the Total Environment, 346, 56-69.


New Zealand

Coote, G. E., Cutress, T. W., & Suckling, G. W. (1997) ‘Uptake of fluoride into developing teeth of sheep, following the 1995 volcanic eruption of Mt Ruapehu, New Zealand’, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 130(1–4), 571–575.


Weets, J. D. (1996) The dental anthropology of Vanuatu, Eastern Melanesia. Thesis, Arizona State University, Arizona.



Petrone, P., Guarino, F. M., Giustino, S., & Gombos, F. (2013) ‘Ancient and recent evidence of endemic fluorosis in the Naples area’, Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 131, 14-27.

Mt Etna

Bellomo, S., Aiuppa, A., D’Alessandro, W. & Parello, F. (2007) ‘Environmental impact of magmatic fluorine emission in the Mt. Etna area’, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 165, 87-101.

Bellomo, S., D’Alessandro, W. & Longo, M. (2003) ‘Volcanogenic fluorine in rainwater around active degassing volcanoes: Mt. Etna and Stromboli island, Italy’, Science of the Total Environment, 301, 175- 185.

Mt Vesuvius

Petrone, P., Giordano, M., Giustino, S., & Guarino, F. M. (2011) ‘Enduring fluoride health hazard for the Vesuvius Area population: the case of AD 79 Herculaneum’, PloS one, 6(6), e21085.


Cordeiro, S., Coutinho, R., & Cruz, J. V. (2012) ‘Fluoride content in drinking water supply in São Miguel volcanic island (Azores, Portugal)’, Science of the Total Environment, 432, 23-36.

Notcutt, G., & Davies, F. (1999) ‘Biomonitoring of volcanogenic fluoride, Furnas Caldera, Sao Miguel, Azores’, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 92(1-2), 209-214.

Volcanic soils

Benke, R. R., Hooper, D. M., Durham, J. S., Bannon, D. R., Compton, K. L., Necsoiu, M. & McGinnis, R. N., JR. (2009) ‘Measurement of airborne particle concentrations near the Sunset Crater volcano, Arizona’, Health Phys, 96, 97-117.

Cicchella, D., De Vivo, B. & Lima, A. (2005) ‘Background and baseline concentration values of elements harmful to human health in the volcanic soils of the metropolitan and provincial areas of Napoli (Italy)’, Geochemistry-Exploration Environment Analysis, 5, 29-40.

Davies, T. C. (2008) ‘Environmental health impacts of east African Rift volcanism’, Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 30, 325-338.

Floor, G.H., Calabrese, S., Roman-Ross, G., D’Alessandro, W., & Aiuppa, A. (2011) ‘Selenium mobilization in soils due to volcanic derived acid rain: An example from Mt Etna volcano, Sicily’, Chemical Geology, 289, 235-244.

Onal, M., Kahraman, S. & Sarikaya, Y. (2007) ‘Differentiation of alpha-cristobalite from opals in bentonites from Turkey’, Applied Clay Science, 35, 25-30.

Pacua, C., Charnock, J., Polya, D. A., Sato, T., Yokoyama, S. & Minato, M. (2005) ‘Arsenic-bearing smectite from the geothermal environment’, Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 897-906.

Pelser, C., Dazzi, C., Graubard, B. I., Lauria, C., Vitale, F. & Goedert, J. J. (2009) ‘Risk of classic Kaposi sarcoma with residential exposure to volcanic and related soils in Sicily’, Ann Epidemiol, 19, 597-601.

Sempertegui, F., Estrella, B., Vallejo, W., Tapia, L., Herrera, D., Moscoso, F., Ceron, G., Griffiths, J. K. & Hamer, D. H. (2003) ‘Selenium serum concentrations in malnourished Ecuadorian children: A case- control study’, International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research, 73, 181-186.

Fibrous volcanogenic deposits

Andreozzi, G. B., Ballirano, P., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S. & Pacella, A. (2009) ‘Structural and spectroscopic characterization of a suite of fibrous amphiboles with high environmental and health relevance from Biancavilla (Sicily, Italy)’, American Mineralogist, 94, 1333-1340.

Biggeri, A., Pasetto, R., Belli, S., Bruno, C., Di Maria, G., Mastrantonio, M., Trinca, S., Uccelli, R. & Comba, P. (2004) ‘Mortality from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pleural mesothelioma in an area contaminated by natural fiber (fluoro-edenite)’, Scand J Work Environ Health, 30, 249-52.

Bruno, C., Comba, P. & Zona, A. (2006) ‘Adverse health effects of fluoro-edenitic fibers - Epidemiological evidence and public health priorities, Living in a Chemical World: Framing the Future in Light of the Past, 1076, 778-783.

Cernigliaro, A., Fano, V., Addario, S. P., Caruso, S., Pennisi, P., Forastiere, F., Perucci, C. A., Comba, P. & Scondotto, S. (2006) ‘Mortality and hospital discharges in the population of Biancavilla (Sicily) contaminated by natural fibres’, Epidemiol Prev, 30, 227-31.

Emri, S., Demir, A., Dogan, M., Akay, H., Bozkurt, B., Carbone, M. & Baris, I. (2002) ‘Lung diseases due to environmental exposures to erionite and asbestos in Turkey’, Toxicol Lett, 127, 251-7.

Gianfagna, A., Andreozzi, G. B., Ballirano, P. & Mazziotti-Tagliani, S. (2007) ‘Structural and chemical contrasts between prismatic and fibrous fluoro-edenite from Biancavilla, Sicily, Italy’, Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 249-262.

Kadir, S., Onen-Hall, A. P., Aydin, S. N., Yakicier, C., Akarsu, N. & Tuncer, M. (2008) ‘Environmental effect and genetic influence: a regional cancer predisposition survey in the Zonguldak region of Northwest Turkey’, Environmental Geology, 54, 391-409.

Manna, P. & Comba, P. (2001) ’Communicating with health authorities and the public about asbestos risk in Biancavilla (CT)’, Epidemiol Prev, 25, 28-30.

Mercurio, M., Langella, A., Cappelletti, P., de Gennaro, B., Monetti, V., & de Gennaro, M. (2012) ‘May the use of Italian volcanic zeolite-rich tuffs as additives in animal diet represent a risk for the human health?’, Periodico di Mineralogia, 81, 393- 407.

Temel, A. & Gundogdu, M. N. (1996) ‘Zeolite occurrences and the erionite-mesothelioma relationship in Cappadocia, central anatolia, Turkey’, Mineralium Deposita, 31, 539-547.


Fuller, L. C. (2005) ‘Podoconiosis: endemic nonfilarial elephantiasis’, Curr Opin Infect Dis, 18, 119-22.

Tekola, F., Mariam, D. H. & Davey, G. (2006) ‘Economic costs of endemic non-filarial elephantiasis in Wolaita Zone, Ethiopia’, Tropical Medicine & International Health, 11, 1136-1144.

Wanji, S., Tendongfor, N., Esum, M., Che, J. N., Mand, S., Tanga Mbi, C., Enyong, P. & Hoerauf, A. (2008) ‘Elephantiasis of non-filarial origin (podoconiosis) in the highlands of north-western Cameroon’, Ann Trop Med Parasitol, 102, 529-40.

Molla, Yordanos B, Le Blond, Jennifer S, Wardrop, Nicola, Baxter, Peter, Atkinson, Peter M, Newport, Melanie J and Davey, Gail (2013) Individual correlates of podoconiosis in areas of varying endemicity: a case-control study. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 7 (12). e2554. ISSN 1935-2735

Molla, Yordanos B, Wardrop, Nicola A, Le Blond, Jennifer S, Baxter, Peter, Newport, Melanie J, Atkinson, Peter M and Davey, Gail Modelling environmental factors correlated with podoconiosis. International Journal of Health Geographics. ISSN 1476-072X (In Press)

Deribe, Kebede, Brooker, Simon J, Pullan, Rachel L, Hailu, Asrat, Enquselassie, Fikre, Reithinger, Richard, Newport, Melanie and Davey, Gail (2013) Spatial distribution of podoconiosis in relation to environmental factors in Ethiopia: a historical review. PLoS ONE, 8 (7). e68330. ISSN 1932-6203